Registered: May 2009
Does the % of dark energy vary over spans of cosmological time?
What is dark energy? Does M-theory hold the key to answering the preceding question? Have Fredkin and Wolfram supplied the ideas that M-theorists need to establish M-theory with alternate universes as the new paradigm of physics? Should the axiomatics of physics begin with the Fredkin alternate-universe engine and Wolfram’s mobile automaton for unified physics?
“Finite Nature is the assumption that, at some scale, space and time are discrete and that the number of possible states of every finite volume of space-time is finite.” — Edward Fredkin, “Finite Nature”
At the most fundamental level, what is physics? Consider the following 12 hypotheses:
(1) There is a gauge group G(Einstein-spacetime) that governs the physics of quantum field theory in Einstein spacetime.
(2) There is a gauge group G(Nambu-spacetime) that governs the physics of Nambu quantum field theory, which yields predictions concerning black holes and the Big Bang.
(3) The gauge group formed as a factor group (G(Nambu-spacetime))/(G(Einstein-spacetime)) describes the physics of the Big Freeze, which consists of (20 + A)% dark matter and (70 + B)% dark energy and has a duration of precisely one unit of Planck time, where A and B are positive constants with A + B = 10.
(4) Nature’s model is Wolfram’s mobile automaton governed by 4 or 5 simple rules with a Wolfram updating parameter that controls Fredkin time and Nambu time. Informational substrate makes Nambu digital data makes digital physical reality. The Fredkin delivery machine uses informational substrate to make Nambu digital data. The Nambu transfer machine uses Nambu digital data to make digital physical reality. The Fredkin delivery machine and the Nambu transfer machine obey M-theory with alternate universes. Wolfram’s mobile automaton for unified physics describes the digital network yielding the Fredkin delivery machine and the Nambu transfer machine.
(5) Our observable universe and all alternate universes in the multiverse are approximately 3-spheres consisting of standard mass-energy, dark matter (virtual mass-energy with positive gravitational mass-energy and zero inertial mass-energy), and dark energy (virtual mass-energy with negative gravitational mass-energy and zero inertial mass-energy).
(6) Our universe starts in a Big Bang with (20 + A)% standard mass-energy, 0% dark energy, and (70 + B)% dark energy. Time passes in our universe in increments of 1 Planck time; for each temporal duration of 1 Planck time, precisely 1 Fredkin-Wolfram energy unit (FWEU) is converted from strong-weak-electromagnetic energy into gravitational energy in the form of dark matter. At the maximum physical wavelength, the universe consists of the Big Freeze with 0% standard mass-energy, (20 + A)% dark matter, and (70 + B)% dark energy. After a duration of one Planck time, the universe undergoes instantaneous quantum collapse into a Big Bang.
(7) Our observable universe is about 13.7 to 13.8 years old. Our observable universe has about 4.5% standard mass-energy, 22.5% dark matter, and 73% dark energy. Approximately (22.5 / 27) % of our universe’s lifespan remains. The remaining life expectancy of our universe is approximately (22.5 / 27) * (roughly 81.6 billion years).
(8) According to the f(div) theory of modified general relativity theory and the Fredkin-Wolfram energy unit (FWEU) timing theory, the ratio of dark matter to standard mass-energy varies over spans of cosmological time. Define T(max) = the expected lifespan of the universe = the Planck time multiplied by the Fredkin-Wolfram constant = Planck time multiplied by (the maximum physical wavelength divided by the Planck length). Let T be a variable denoting the age of the universe starting from the Big Bang. Then:
(a) % of standard mass-energy at time T = (1 –(T/T(max))) * (20 + A)%.
(b) % of dark matter at time T = (T/T(max)) * (20 + A)%.
(c) % of dark energy at time T = (70 + B)%, subject to corrections involving issues such as gauge bosons at the Big Freeze.
(d) All particles decay weirdly in the Fredkin-Wolfram sense, but from an observer’s viewpoint the decay of supposedly stable particles (i.e., stable according to quantum field theory) occurs randomly but steadily throughout the universe and the only proof of such weird Fredkin-Wolfram decay is the extremely slow cosmological increase in the % of dark matter. The Fredkin-Wolfram weird decay does not cause quarks, leptons, or massive gauge bosons to disappear. Instead, the weird decay causes one real photon with energy FWEU to exit our universe into alternate universe and also one virtual photon with energy FWEU to enter our universe from alternate universes. Thus, the Fredkin-Wolfram weird decay weakens the long-range electromagnetic field to maintain a precise balance with the antigravity of dark energy. The Fredkin-Wolfram weird decay is informational antielectromagnetism from alternate universes. Dark energy is informational antigravitation from alternate universes.
(9) The gauge group G(Einstein-spacetime) unifies quarks and leptons but not gravitons and gauge bosons.
(10) The gauge group G(Nambu-spacetime) unifies quarks, leptons, gauge bosons, and gravitons.
(11) The factor group (G(Nambu-spacetime))/(G(Einstein-spacetime)) creates a unified quark-force in the form of dark matter and a unified lepton-force in the form of dark energy.
(12) Wolfram’s mobile automaton for unified physics is the explanation of how Nambu digital data is smoothed to Nambu quantum field theory according to the 11-dimensional supersymmetric model.
How can M-theory explain dark energy?
Last edited by David Brown on 06-05-2010 at 06:45 PM
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