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A New Kind of Science: The NKS Forum (http://forum.wolframscience.com/index.php)
- Applied NKS (http://forum.wolframscience.com/forumdisplay.php?forumid=4)
-- superstring magnetic monopole predictions (http://forum.wolframscience.com/showthread.php?threadid=1673)
superstring magnetic monopole predictions
What is the role of magnetic monopoles in superstring theory?
The first principle is that you must not fool yourself – and you are the easiest person to fool. – Richard Feynman
First get the data, then derive the theory – otherwise you shall probably fail because nature is smarter than you are. What kind of data does M-theory need?
What does M-theory do for physicists? The answer might be that it introduces extremely small, alternate-universe corrections into quantum mechanics and general relativity theory.
If quantum theory predicts that something is definitely a quantum vacuum, and you measure its charge, then shouldn’t you have a proof that the something is definitely a quantum vacuum? If magnetic monopoles are quite massive, then would electromagnetic fields possess huge inertia? Can magnetic monopoles be ½ real and ½ non-real? Can paradigm-breaking photons emerge from black holes?
Could superstring theory give a new twist to Newtonian celestial mechanics? If a superstring is partly real and partly non-real quantum information, then what might superstring theory imply? Consider 10 speculative hypotheses.
1. Superstring theory truly unites gravitation and electromagnetism only within black holes. Dark matter and dark energy have negligible electromagnetic interactions except at energy densities approaching a black hole. Superstrings, dark matter, and dark energy strongly suggest that alternate universes exist. Alternate universes exist in pairs of matter and antimatter. A matter-antimatter pair keeps separated by exchanging monopoles and the antimatter partners of magnetic monopoles. Matter-antimatter pairs of alternate universes exist at the centers of superstring tubes, which are composed of jumbled-up pieces of alternate universes. An M-theoretic analogue of the Casimir-Lifshitz effect explains the structure of alternate universes and how dark matter and dark energy originate. M-theory predicts a bizarrely incomprehensible form of antigravity among pieces of alternate universes. An M-theoretic gauge-gravity duality theorem for electromagnetism and gravitation explains Guth’s inflation and the precise details of physical events near black hole boundaries.
2. At energy densities approaching a black hole, both energy and spacetime break down and mix together into superstrings. Particle accelerator experiments cannot in principle detect superstrings.
3. Superstring mechanics is vastly weirder than quantum mechanics. Superstrings are partly real and partly non-real quantum information. M-theory provides the basic laws of quantum information.
4. Every massive object is surrounded by a halo (or envelope) of dark matter. Superstring theory (or M-theory) is essential for explaining dark matter.
5. As a spacecraft leaves a celestial body, dark matter causes a very slight retarding acceleration in the spacecraft’s departure.
6. A spacecraft in equatorial orbit around a celestial body exhibits very small effects from dark matter tidal forces.
7. For at least one type of magnetic monopole, a magnetic monopole exists with probability ½ in our universe and with probability ½ in the antimatter partner of our universe. If a quantum vacuum undergoes quantum measurement, then the vacuum sometimes displays bizarre effects that cannot be explained by quantum mechanics but instead require superstring theory (or M-theory) for their explanation. According to quantum mechanics, the electron possesses infinite self-energy below the Planck scale. According to superstring mechanics, the electron does not posses infinite self-energy below the Planck scale.
8. At the quantum level, if the mass of a quantum vacuum is measured to be zero, then its charge and magnetic moment are also zero according to quantum measurement. At the quantum level, if the magnetic moment of a quantum vacuum is measured to be zero, then its mass and charge are also zero according to quantum measurement. In the two preceding cases, quantum mechanics and superstring mechanics happen to agree.
9. If the charge of a quantum vacuum is measured to be zero by the quantum Hall effect, then Maxwell’s equations and Newton’s law of gravity are very slightly false because the quantum vacuum does not entirely obey them. At the quantum level, with charge measurement, the mass and magnetic moment of a quantum vacuum are never measured to be zero but instead are measured to be ½ times an odd integral multiple, either positive or negative, of the mass and magnetic moment of a magnetic monopole. Whenever the charge of a quantum vacuum is actually measured in the quantum sense, then that quantum vacuum is found to be a discrete particle in terms of mass and magnetic moment. The reason is that the quantum vacuum acts as a shield protecting our universe from the antimatter of our universe’s antimatter alternate universe partner.
10. The Bekenstein-Hawking radiation result and the general relativistic model of a black hole’s event horizon are highly accurate but not entirely correct. If x and y are two physical wave lengths with Planck length < x < y, then there is a nonzero function BEE(x, y) satisfying the following. During a one second interval in flat spacetime, BEE(x,y) is the expected energy that arises, from the boundary of a black hole with maximum wave length, from a photon escaping with part of the red-shifted energy from the matter-antimatter annihilation of a magnetic monopole. From the expected energy distribution BEE, superstring theory predicts paradigm-breaking photons with incredibly high frequencies. Some of these paradigm-breaking photons have energies vastly beyond the Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuzmin (GZK) limit. As energy levels increase, the percentage of photons among ultra-high-energy cosmic rays approaches 100%.
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